Inventions

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As you research new technologies, they will open up possible inventions which can add still more effects to your country's advantages in combat, economics etc. When you click on a specific technology in the technology interface, you can see all the inventions it unlocks in the bottom right corner.

Once you have researched the technology there is a small chance each month that one of the inventions it unlocked will trigger. All the inventions that your technologies have unlocked but which haven't triggered yet can be found in the "possible inventions" panel at the bottom left corner of the Technology Interface. This will show you the inventions names as well as the percentage chance that they will trigger each month.

You can often affect the chance by researching other technologies. Hover the mouse over the inventions' percentage number and the tooltip will show the base chance as well as how to increase/decrease it.

Army Inventions

Invention name Technology name Technology subcategory Activation year Base chance Chance modifiers Effects
Post Napoleonic Army Doctrine Post Napoleonic Thought Army Doctrine 1836 2% -
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
Field Fortifications Strategic Mobility Army Doctrine 1836 2%
  • +3% : Have invented Mechanical Production
  • +2% : Have invented Organized Factories
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
Railroad Transport Groups Strategic Mobility Army Doctrine 1836 0%
  • +2% : Have invented Experimental Railroad
  • +3% : Have invented Early Railroad
Mobilisation Size: +1%
Signal Detachments Point Defense System Army Doctrine 1850 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Military Staff System
  • +2% : Have invented Army Professionalism
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Siege +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Reconnaissance +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Reconnaissance +1
Flexible Firepower Point Defense System Army Doctrine 1850 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Field Fortifications
  • +2% : Have invented Army Professionalism
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +0.5
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +0.5
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +1
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Synchronized Heavy Support Point Defense System Army Doctrine 1850 4%
  • +2% : Have researched Iron Breech Loaded Artillery
  • +2% : Have invented Flexible Firepower
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +0.5
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +0.5
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +1
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Staff Command Support Point Defense System Army Doctrine 1850 3%
  • +2% : Have invented Military Staff System
  • +2% : Have invented Army Professionalism
Mobilisation Size: +1%
Trench Systems Deep Defense System Army Doctrine 1870 4%
  • +2% : Have researched Breech Loaded Rifles
  • +2% : Have invented Flexible Firepower
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +0.5
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +0.5
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +0.5
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +1
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Elastic Defense System Deep Defense System Army Doctrine 1870 4%
  • +2% : Have researched Machine Guns
  • +2% : Have invented Trench Systems
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +0.5
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +0.5
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +0.5
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +1
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Flexible Counterattacks Deep Defense System Army Doctrine 1870 3%
  • +2% : Have invented Elastic Defense System
  • +2% : Have researched Combustion Engine
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Attack +0.5
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Attack +0.5
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Attack +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Attack +1
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Low Echelon Fire Support Infiltration Army Doctrine 1900 5%
  • +2% : Have researched Indirect Artillery Fire
  • +2% : Have invented Signal Detachments
  • +2% : Have invented Synchronized Heavy Support
  • +2% : Have invented Elastic Defense System
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Attack +0.5
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Attack +0.5
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Attack +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Attack +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Attack +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +1
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Stormtrooper Training Infiltration Army Doctrine 1900 5%
  • +2% : Have researched Bolt Action Rifles
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Siege +1
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Tank Experiments Infiltration Army Doctrine 1900 1%
  • +2% : Have invented Elastic Defense System
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Tank Experiments
  • -5% : Have NOT researched Combustion Engine
  • Allows construction of Armor.png Armor
  • Allows Tank Factory
  • Activate: Armor.png Armor
Tank Exploits Infiltration Army Doctrine 1900 2%
  • +1% : Have invented Synchronized Heavy Support
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Tank Exploits
  • -5% : Have NOT invented Tank Experiments
  • Armor.png Armor: Attack +2
  • Armor.png Armor: Defence +4
  • Armor.png Armor: Siege +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Supply Consumbtion +100%
Firepower vs Mobility Modern Army Doctrine Army Doctrine 1919 3%
  • +2% : Have researched Nationalism and Imperialism
  • +1% : Have researched Machine Guns
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Siege +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +2
  • Armor.png Armor: Attack +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Defence +1
  • Armies: Max Speed +1 KPH
Grand Battle Plan vs Superior Firepower Modern Army Doctrine Army Doctrine 1919 2%
  • +1% : Have invented Pragmatism
  • +2% : Have invented Modern Logics
  • Armies: Organization +10
  • Morale: +50%
Human Wave vs Spearhead Modern Army Doctrine Army Doctrine 1919 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Nationalism and Imperialism
  • +1% : Have researched Semi-Automatization
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Attack +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Defence +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Siege +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Max Speed +1 KPH
  • Armies: Supply Consumption -30%
Flintlock Rifle Armament Flintlock Rifles Light Armament 1836 5%
  • +2% : Have invented Small Arms Production
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Flintlock Rifle Armament
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Attack +0.5
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Attack +0.5
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Attack +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Attack +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Supply Consumption +10%
Muzzle-loaded Rifle Armament Muzzle-loaded Rifles Light Armament 1836 5%
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Muzzle-loaded Rifle Armament
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Attack +0.5
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Attack +0.5
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Supply Consumption +10%
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Attack +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Supply Consumption +10%
Breech-loaded Rifle Armament Breech-loaded Rifles Light Armament 1850 5%
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Breech-loaded Rifle Armament
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Attack +0.5
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +1
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +1
  • Guard.png Guard: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Attack +0.5
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Attack +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Attack +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Supply Consumption +20%
Colonial Negotiations Breech Loaded Rifles Light Armament 1870 0%
  • +25% : Have researched Machine Guns
  • +25% : Have researched Economic Responsibility
  • +25% : Have researched Naval Logistics
  • +10% : Any Great Power has invented Colonial Negotiations
  • +10% : Any neighboring has invented Colonial Negotiations
Min. Liferating: -10
Machine Gun Armament Machine Guns Light Armament 1870 5%
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Machine Gun Armament
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +1
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +4
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +4
  • Guard.png Guard: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +4
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +2
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +3
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Supply Consumption +20%
Bolt-action Rifle Armament Bolt-action Rifles Light Armament 1900 5%
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Bolt-action Rifle Armament
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Attack +0.5
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +4
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +4
  • Guard.png Guard: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +1
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Attack +0.5
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Attack +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Attack +1
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Attack +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Supply Consumption +20%
Interwar Infantry Modern Divisional Structure Light Armament 1919 2%
  • +2% : Have researched Mass Politics
  • +2% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Attack +1
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Defence +2
  • Irregular.png Irregular: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Attack +4
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Defence +2
  • Infantry.png Infantry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Guard.png Guard: Attack +4
  • Guard.png Guard: Defence +2
  • Guard.png Guard: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Attack +2
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Defence +2
  • Engineer.png Engineer: Supply Consumption +20%
Interwar Cavalry Modern Divisional Structure Light Armament 1919 2%
  • +2% : Have researched Electricity
  • +1% : Have researched Combustion Engine
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Attack +1
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Defence +2
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Reconnaissance +2
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Attack +2
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Defence +2
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Reconnaissance +1
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Attack +2
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Defence +2
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Reconnaissance +2
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Supply Consumption +20%
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Attack +2
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Defence +2
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Reconnaissance +1
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Supply Consumption +20%
Rear Area Dumps Modern Divisional Structure Light Armament 1919 2%
  • +3% : Have researched Combustion Engine
  • +2% : Have invented Time Studies
Armies: Supply Consumption -30%
Tankette Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
  • -3% : Have NOT invented Tank Exploits
  • Armor.png Armor: Attack +2
  • Armor.png Armor: Defence +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Supply Consumption +50%
Light Tank Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +2% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
  • -4% : Have NOT invented Tankette
  • Armor.png Armor: Attack +2
  • Armor.png Armor: Defence +1
  • Armor.png Armor: Supply Consumption +50%
Armored Cars Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Tractors
  • +2% : Have invented Tankette
  • -6% : Have NOT invented Tank Exploits
  • Armor.png Armor: Max Speed +1 KPH
  • Armor.png Armor: Supply Consumption +50%
Anti-Aircraft Artillery Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Wright & Langley's Aeroplanes
  • +2% : Have researched Aeronautics
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Attack +0.1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Support +10%
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Supply Consumption +25%
Improved Anti-Aircraft Artillery Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Aeronautics
  • -3% : Have NOT invented Anti-Aircraft Artillery
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Attack +0.1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Defence +1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Support +10%
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Supply Consumption +25%
Light Artillery Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Modern Divisional Structure
  • +2% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Attack +0.1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Support +10%
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Supply Consumption +25%
Medium Artillery Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +4% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
  • -6% : Have NOT invented Light Artillery
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Attack +0.1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Support +10%
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Supply Consumption +25%
Heavy Artillery Heavy Armament Heavy Armament 1919 2%
  • +4% : Have researched Modern Divisional Structure
  • -6% : Have NOT invented Medium Artillery
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Attack +0.1
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Support +10%
  • Resource artillery.png Artillery: Supply Consumption +25%
Cuirassiers Military Staff System Military Science 1836 2% -2% : Are NOT Civilized Allows construction of Cuirassier.png Cuirassier
Dragoons Military Staff System Military Science 1836 2% -2% : Are NOT Civilized Allows construction of Dragoon.png Dragoon
Hussars Military Staff System Military Science 1836 2% -2% : Are NOT Civilized Allows construction of Hussar.png Hussar
Telegraph Coordination Military Plans Military Science 1836 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Army Professionalism
  • +2% : Have researched Early Railroad
  • Armies: Organisation +5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +10%
Mobilization Time Tables Military Plans Military Science 1836 2%
  • +1% : Have invented Telegraph Coordination
  • +2% : Have researched Strategic Mobility
Mobilisation size +1%
Personnel Category Tables Military Plans Military Science 1836 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Mobilization Time Tables
  • +2% : Have researched Scientific Management
Mobilisation size +1%
Ammunition Area Effect Calculations Military Statistics Military Science 1850 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Empiricism
  • +2% : Have researched Scientific Management
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Empirical Combat Efficiency Matrix Military Statistics Military Science 1850 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Empiricism
  • +1% : Have researched Breech-loaded Rifles
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Combat Loss Evaluation Schemata Military Statistics Military Science 1850 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Point Defence System
  • +2% : Have researched Mechanical Production
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Pre-Planned Depot Systems Military Logistics Military Science 1870 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Sequence Planning
  • +1% : Have invented Distribution Channels
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Logistical Calculations Military Logistics Military Science 1870 2%
  • +2% : Have researched Iron Railroad
  • +3% : Have invented Distribution Channels
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Replenishment Transport Organization Military Logistics Military Science 1870 2%
  • +2% : Have researched Iron Railroad
  • +2% : Have invented Logistical Calculations
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Gas Attack Capability Military Directionism Military Science 1900 0%
  • +2% : Have invented Cracking
  • +2% : Have invented Carbon Soil Enrichment
Can use Gas Attack
Gas Defense Capability Military Directionism Military Science 1900 0% +5% : At war with country who has invented Gas Attack Can defend against Gas Attack
Political Lobbying Military Directionism Military Science 1900 2%
  • +1% : Have researched State and Government
  • +2% : Have researched Analytic Philosophy
Mobilisation impact -5%
Military-Political Decision-making Military Directionism Military Science 1900 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Army NCO Training
  • +2% : Have invented Political Science
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Local Military Government Military Directionism Military Science 1900 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Nationalism and Imperialism
  • +2% : Have invented Dogma of Violence
  • Armies: Organisation +2.5
  • Armies: Supply Consumption +5%
Military Aviation Aeronautics Military Science 1914 3%
  • +2% : At war with country who has invented Military Aviation
  • -5% : Have NOT invented Wright & Langley's Aeroplanes
Allows construction of Airplane.png Airplane
Early Interwar Bombers Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • -2% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Attack +0.5
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Support +100%
Late Interwar Bombers Aeronautics Military Science 1914 0%
  • +2% : Have researched Indirect Artillery Fire
  • -2% : Have NOT invented Early Interwar Bombers
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Attack +0.5
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Support +100%
Early Interwar Fighters Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • -2% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Attack +0.25
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Defence +3
Late Interwar Fighters Aeronautics Military Science 1914 0%
  • +2% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
  • -2% : Have NOT invented Early Interwar Fighters
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Attack +0.25
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Defence +3
Air Superiority Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Shift Work
  • +2% : Have researched Modern Divisional Structure
  • -4% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Defence +3
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Organisation +5
Flying Circus Doctrine Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Air Superiority
  • +1% : Have invented Logistical Calculations
  • -5% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Defence +3
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Organisation +5
Force Substitution Doctrine Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Air Superiority
  • +2% : Have researched Analytic Philosophy
  • -5% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Defence +3
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Organisation +5
Battlefield Destruction Doctrine Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Flying Circus Doctrine
  • +2% : Have invented Force Substitution Doctrine
  • -6% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Attack +0.25
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Support +100%
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Organisation +5
Operational Destruction Doctrine Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Flying Circus Doctrine
  • +2% : Have invented Force Substitution Doctrine
  • -6% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Attack +0.25
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Support +100%
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Organisation +5
Strategic Destruction Doctrine Aeronautics Military Science 1914 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Flying Circus Doctrine
  • +2% : Have invented Force Substitution Doctrine
  • -6% : Have NOT invented Military Aviation
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Reconnaissance +2
  • Airplane.png Airplane: Organisation +5
Academic Training Army Professionalism Army Leadership 1836 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Idealism
  • +2% : Have researched Ideological Thought
Morale: +15%
Field Training Army Professionalism Army Leadership 1836 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Muzzle-loaded Rifles
  • +1% : Have researched Strategic Mobility
Mobilisation Impact: -5%
Societal Status Army Professionalism Army Leadership 1836 2%
  • +2% : Have researched Romanticism
  • +2% : Have researched Realism
Mobilisation Impact: -5%
Independent Command Army Decision Making Army Leadership 1850 2%
  • +2% : Have researched Ideological Thought
  • +2% : Have researched Positivism
Armies: Organisation +2.5
Continuous Issuing of Orders Army Decision Making Army Leadership 1850 2%
  • +1% : Have invented Sequence Planning
  • +2% : Have researched State and Government
Armies: Max Speed +1 KPH
Delegated Power Army Decision Making Army Leadership 1850 2%
  • +1% : Have invented Distribution Channels
  • +2% : Have invented Telegraph Coordination
Morale: +30%
Wargames Army Risk Management Army Leadership 1870 2%
  • +1% : Have researched State and Government
  • +1% : Have invented Staff Command Support
Armies: Organisation +2.5
Alternative Plans Army Risk Management Army Leadership 1870 2%
  • +1% : Have researched Nationalism and Imperialism
  • +2% : Have researched Empiricism
  • Armies: Max Speed +1 KPH
  • Cavalry.png Cavalry: Max Speed +1 KPH
  • Dragoon.png Dragoon: Max Speed +1 KPH
  • Cuirassier.png Cuirassier: Max Speed +1 KPH
  • Hussar.png Hussar: Max Speed +1 KPH
Saddle Orders Army Risk Management Army Leadership 1870 2%
  • +1% : Have invented Empiricism
  • +2% : Have invented Trench Systems
Morale: +30%
Literate NCO's Army NCO Training Army Leadership 1900 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Academic Training
  • +2% : Have researched Functionalism
Armies: Organisation +5
NCO Field Training Army NCO Training Army Leadership 1900 2%
  • +2% : Have invented Field Training
  • +2% : Have researched Iron Railroad
Armies: Max Speed +1 KPH
NCO Tactical Training Army NCO Training Army Leadership 1900 2%
  • +1% : Have invented NCO Field Training
  • +3% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
Morale: +50%

Naval Inventions

Invention name Technology name Technology subcategory Activation year Base chance Chance modifiers Effects
Long Range Fire Tactic Battleship Column Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Ironclads
+2% : Have researched Steamers
Navies: Organisation +5
Speedy Maneuvering Tactic Battleship Column Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Ironclads
+1% : Have researched Fire Control Systems
Navies: Max Speed +1 KPH
Sealane Hunters Raider Group Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1855 2% +2% : Have researched Weapon Platforms
+2% : Have researched State and Government
Navies: Max Speed +1 KPH
Fast Ship Killer Raider Group Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1855 2% +2% : Have researched Naval Professionalism Navies: Max Speed +1 KPH
Big Ship Competitor Raider Group Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1855 2% +2% : Have researched Iron Steamers
+2% : Have researched Naval Statistics
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Standard Raider Group Doctrine Raider Group Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1855 2% +2% : Have researched Fire Control Systems
+2% : Have researched Iron Steamers
Navies: Max Speed +1 KPH
Blue Water School Blue and Brown Water Schools Naval Doctrine 1875 2% +1% : Have researched State and Government
+2% : Not a colonial nation
Navies: Build Time -10 Days
Brown Water School Blue and Brown Water Schools Naval Doctrine 1875 2% +2% : Have researched Empiricism
+2% : Have researched Naval Statistics
Navies: Build Time -10 Days
Offensive Attitude High Sea Battle Fleet Naval Doctrine 1895 2% +2% : Not a colonial nation
+2% : Is Great Power
+1% : Have researched Naval Decision Making
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Defensive Attitude High Sea Battle Fleet Naval Doctrine 1895 2% +2% : Have invented Protected Cruisers
+2% : Have invented Armour Piercing Projectiles
Cruiser: Hull +5
Battleship: Hull +5
Dreadnought: Hull +5
Decisive Firepower Doctrine Modern Naval Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1914 2% +2% : Have researched Nationalism and Imperialism
+2% : Have invented Work Control and Hierarchy
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Naval Firepower Doctrine Modern Naval Doctrine Naval Doctrine 1914 2% +2% : Have researched Advanced Naval Design
+2% : Have researched Steam Turbine Ships
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Building Station Shipyards Clipper Design Ship Construction 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Clipper Design
+1% : Have researched Naval Design Bureaus
Clipper Convoys production throughput +10%
Mechanized Fishing Vessels Steamers Ship Construction 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Steamers
+2% : Have invented Work Specialization
Fish production output +50%
Steamer Automatic Construction Plants Steamers Ship Construction 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Steamers
+2% : Have invented Building Station Shipyards
Steamer Convoys production throughput +10%
Steamer Transports Steamers Ship Construction 1836 5% +2% : Have researched Mechanical Production
+1% : Have researched Clean Coal
Allows construction of Steam Transport
Commerce Raiders Steamers Ship Construction 1836 5% +1% : Have researched Fire Control Systems
+3% : Have researched Raider Group Doctrine
Allows construction of Commerce Raider
Ironclads Iron Steamers Ship Construction 1860 5% +2% : Have invented Monitors
+2% : Have invented Torpedo Boats
Allows construction of Ironclad
Monitors Iron Steamers Ship Construction 1860 5% +2% : Have invented Ironclads
+2% : Have invented Torpedo Boats
Allows construction of Monitor
Torpedo Boats Iron Steamers Ship Construction 1860 4% +2% : Have invented Ironclads
+2% : Have invented Monitors
Commerce Raider: Torpedo Attack +2
Commerce Raider: Hull +4
Protected Cruisers Steel Steamers Ship Construction 1880 3% +2% : Have invented Ironclads
+2% : Have researched Cheap Steel
Allows construction of Cruiser
Pre-Dreadnought Steel Steamers Ship Construction 1880 5% +2% : Have invented Ironclads
+2% : Have researched Cheap Steel
+1% : Have researched Main Armament
Allows construction of Battleship
Ironclad: Attack +1
Ironclad: Hull +1
Ironclad: Max Speed +1 KPH
Dreadnoughts Steam Turbine Ships Ship Construction 1900 5% +2% : Have invented Pre-Dreadnought
+2% : Have researched Naval Logistics
Allows construction of Dreadnought
Advanced Cruisers Oil Driven Ships Ship Construction 1919 2% +2% : Have researched Naval Directionism
+2% : Have researched Combustion Engine
Cruiser: Attack +1
Cruiser: Hull +1
Modern Cruisers Oil Driven Ships Ship Construction 1919 1% +2% : Have invented Advanced Cruisers
+2% : Have researched Combustion Engine
+2% : Have researched Advanced Metallurgy
Cruiser: Max Speed +1 KPH
Advanced Battleships Oil Driven Ships Ship Construction 1919 2% +2% : Have invented Dreadnoughts
+1% : Have researched Electricity
+2% : Have researched Advanced Naval Design
Battleship: Attack +1
Battleship: Hull +1
Dreadnought: Attack +1
Dreadnought: Hull +1
Modern Battleships Oil Driven Ships Ship Construction 1919 2% +2% : Have invented Advanced Battleships
+1% : Have researched Assembly Line
+2% : Have researched Modern Naval Training
Battleship: Max Speed +1 KPH
Dreadnought: Max Speed +1 KPH
Optical Rangefinders Fire Control Systems Naval Engineering 1836 2% +1% : Have researched Mechanized Production
+2% : Have researched Organized Factories
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Gyrostabilized Fire Control Fire Control Systems Naval Engineering 1836 2% +1% : Have researched Naval Professionalism
+1% : Have researched Interchangeable Parts
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Armour Piercing Projectiles Weapon Platforms Naval Engineering 1850 2% +1% : Have researched Iron Breech-loaded Artillery
+2% : Have researched Iron Steamers
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Armour Piercing Exploding Projectiles Weapon Platforms Naval Engineering 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Armour Piercing Projectiles
+1% : Have researched Cheap Iron
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Armoured Turrets Weapon Platforms Naval Engineering 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Ironclads
+2% : Have researched Cheap Iron
Navies: Hull +1
Torpedo Attacks Main Armament Naval Engineering 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Protected Cruisers Cruiser: Torpedo Attack +8
Bomb Guns Main Armament Naval Engineering 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Armour Piercing Exploding Projectiles
+2% : Have researched Military Statistics
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Rifled Guns Main Armament Naval Engineering 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Precision Work
+1% : Have researched Semi Automatization
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Quick-firing Guns Main Armament Naval Engineering 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Rifled Guns
+1% : Have researched Semi Automatization
Navies: Attack +1
Clipper Transport: Attack -1
Steam Transport: Attack -1
Armoured Citadels Main Armament Naval Engineering 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Armoured Turrets
+1% : Have researched Cheap Steel
Battleship: Hull +2
Dreadnought: Hull +2
Heavy Caliber Guns Main Armament Naval Engineering 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Rifled Guns
+2% : Have researched Steel Breech-loaded Artillery
Battleship: Attack +2
Dreadnought: Attack +2
On-Board Recon Aircraft Advanced Naval Design Naval Engineering 1900 2% +2% : Have invented Wright & Langley's Aeroplanes
+1% : Have researched Naval Risk Management
Navies: Organisation +5
Gun Hydraulics Advanced Naval Design Naval Engineering 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Electricity
+1% : Have invented Machine Tools
Battleship: Attack +2
Dreadnought: Attack +2
Heavy Armour Plates Advanced Naval Design Naval Engineering 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Cheap Steel
+1% : Have invented Martin Steel
+1% : Have invented Thomas Steel
Dreadnought: Hull +2
Large Hull Form Advanced Naval Design Naval Engineering 1900 2% +1% : Have invented Fordism
+3% : Have researched Shift Work
Navies: Hull +1
Wireless Modern Naval Design Naval Engineering 1919 2% +3% : Have invented National Radio Network
+2% : Have invented Industrial R&D Investments
Navies: Organisation +5
Advanced Fire Control Modern Naval Design Naval Engineering 1919 2% +1% : Have researched Modern Naval Training
+2% : Have researched Naval Directionism
Cruiser: Attack +2
Cruiser: Torpedo Attack +4
Dreadnought: Attack +2
15-inch Main Armament Modern Naval Design Naval Engineering 1919 2% +1% : Have researched Advanced Metallurgy
+2% : Have researched Cheap Steel
+1% : Have researched Indirect Artillery Fire
Dreadnought: Attack +2
Night Training Naval Plans Naval Science 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Gaslights
+2% : Have researched Naval Statistics
Navies: Organisation +1
Enemy Plotting Cards Naval Plans Naval Science 1836 2% +1% : Have researched State & Government
+2% : Have researched Naval Professionalism
Navies: Organisation +1
Target Hit Profile Analysis Naval Plans Naval Science 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Fire Control Systems
+1% : Have researched Iron Steamers
Navies: Organisation +1
Hit Evaluation Reports Naval Statistics Naval Science 1850 2% +1% : Have researched Weapon Platforms
+2% : Have researched Raider Group Doctrine
Navies: Organisation +1
Empirical Interdiction Reports Naval Statistics Naval Science 1850 2% +3% : Have researched Empiricism
+2% : Have researched Naval Professionalism
Navies: Organisation +1
Naval Strike Success Criterium Naval Statistics Naval Science 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Raider Group Doctrine
+1% : Have researched Weapon Platforms
Navies: Organisation +1
Underway Refueling Naval Logistics Naval Science 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Cracking
+2% : Is not a colonial nation.
Navies: Organisation +1
Ammunition Conservation System Naval Logistics Naval Science 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Armoured Turrets
+2% : Have invented Time Studies
Navies: Organisation +1
Radio Telegraphy Naval Logistics Naval Science 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Electricity
+4% : Have invented National Radio Networks
Navies: Organisation +1
Political Lobbying Naval Directionism Naval Science 1900 2% +2% : Have researched State & Government
+2% : Have researched Scientific Management
Navies: Organisation +1
Military-Political Decision-Making Naval Directionism Naval Science 1900 2% +2% : Have researched State & Government
+2% : Have researched Nationalism & Imperialism
Navies: Organisation +1
Local Military Government Naval Directionism Naval Science 1900 2% +1% : Is Great Power
+2% : Have invented Pragmatism
Navies: Organisation +1
War Gaming Naval Integration Naval Science 1919 2% +2% : Have researched High Sea Battle Fleet
+2% : Have researched Advanced Naval Design
Navies: Organisation +1
Combined Arms Planning Naval Integration Naval Science 1919 2% +2% : Have researched Military Directionism
+2% : Have researched Naval Risk Management
Navies: Organisation +1
Academic Training Naval Professionalism Naval Leadership 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Ideological Thought
+2% : Have researched Idealism
Navies: Organisation +1
Combat Station Training Naval Professionalism Naval Leadership 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Fire Control Systems
+2% : Have researched Naval Statistics
Navies: Organisation +1
Societal Status Naval Professionalism Naval Leadership 1836 2% +2% : Have invented National Fraternity
+2% : Have researched Functionalism
Navies: Organisation +1
Independent Command Naval Decision Making Naval Leadership 1850 2% +1% : Have researched Blue and Brown Water Schools
+2% : Have researched Scientific Management
Navies: Organisation +1
Continuous Issuing of Orders Naval Decision Making Naval Leadership 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Radio Telegraphy
+1% : Have researched Naval Logistics
Navies: Organisation +1
Delegated Power Naval Decision Making Naval Leadership 1850 2% +1% : Have researched Main Armament
+1% : Have researched Biologism
Navies: Organisation +1
Wargames Naval Risk Management Naval Leadership 1870 2% +1% : Prestige at least 40
+2% : Have researched Empiricism
Navies: Organisation +1
Alternative Plans Naval Risk Management Naval Leadership 1870 2% +1% : Have invented Academic Training
+2% : Have researched High Sea Battle Fleet
Navies: Organisation +1
Saddle Orders Naval Risk Management Naval Leadership 1870 2% +1% : Have invented Night Training
+2% : Have invented Delegated Power
Navies: Organisation +1
Literate NCOs Naval NCO Training Naval Leadership 1900 4% +2% : Have invented Academic Training
+2% : Have researched Analytic Philosophy
Navies: Organisation +1
NCO Combat Station Training Naval NCO Training Naval Leadership 1900 2% +2% : Have invented Combat Station Training
+2% : Have researched Naval Directionism
Navies: Organisation +1
NCO Tactical Training Naval NCO Training Naval Leadership 1900 2% +2% : Have invented Political Lobbying
+2% : Have researched Modern Naval Doctrine
Navies: Organisation +1
Amphibious Warfare Training Modern Naval Training Naval Leadership 1919 2% +1% : Have researched Modern Army Doctrine
+2% : Have researched Modern Naval Doctrine
Navies: Organisation +1
Naval Exercises Modern Naval Training Naval Leadership 1919 2% +2% : Have invented War Gaming
+1% : Have invented Offensive Attitude
+1% : Have invented Defensive Attitude
Navy Attrition -10%

Commerce Inventions

Invention name Technology name Technology subcategory Activation year Base chance Chance modifiers Effects
Multitude of Financial Instruments Stock Exchange Financial Institutions 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Liberty
+2% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Insurance Companies Stock Exchange Financial Institutions 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Slavery is Outlawed
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Regulated Buying and Selling of Stocks Stock Exchange Financial Institutions 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+1% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Liquidation of Assets Business Banks Financial Institutions 1850 2% +3% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Trade Policy is Protectionism
Factory Cost: -1%
Capital for Investors Business Banks Financial Institutions 1850 2% +3% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+1% : Current government is Conservative
Factory Cost: -1%
Distribution Channels Business Banks Financial Institutions 1850 2% +2% : Current government is Liberal
+1% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
Factory Cost: -1%
Farming output: +50%
Industrial R&D Investments Investment Banks Financial Institutions 1870 2% +1% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+2% : Trade Policy is Protectionism
Factory Cost: -1%
Industrial Production Investments Investment Banks Financial Institutions 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+1% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
Factory Cost: -1%
Industrial Distribution Investments Investment Banks Financial Institutions 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+1% : Current government is Liberal
Factory Cost: -1%
Private Bank Monitoring Bank Inspection Board Financial Institutions 1900 2% +1% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+1% : National Value is Order
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Market Behaviour Monitoring Bank Inspection Board Financial Institutions 1900 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+1% : Current government is Socialist
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Buying on Margin Mutual Funds Financial Institutions 1919 2% +2% : Current government is Liberal
+1% : National Value is Liberty
Factory Cost: -1%
Silver Standard Ad-Hoc Money Bill Printing Monetary System 1836 2% +1% : National Value is Equality
+1% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
Tax Efficiency: +3%
Decimal Monetary System Ad-Hoc Money Bill Printing Monetary System 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+1% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
Tax Efficiency: +3%
Double Standard Private Bank Money Bill Printing Monetary System 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Silver Standard
+3% : Average Consciousness at least 3
Tax Efficiency: +2%
Fixed Intramonetary Exchange Rates Private Bank Money Bill Printing Monetary System 1836 2% +2% : Average Consciousness at least 2
+1% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Gold Standard Central Bank Money Bill Printing Monetary System 1850 2% +1% : Have invented Double Standard
+2% : Have invented Ludwig von Mises
+3% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
Tax Efficiency: +3%
International Monetary Exchange Rates Central Bank Money Bill Printing Monetary System 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Fixed Intramonetary Exchange Rates
+1% : Prestige at least 40
+2% : Is Great Power
Tax Efficiency: +1%
State Bond Monetary Mechanism Modern Central Bank System Monetary System 1870 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+1% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Interest-Inflation Weapon Modern Central Bank System Monetary System 1870 2% +2% : Have invented International Monetary Exchange Rates
+1% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+1% : Trade Policy is Protectionism
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Hyperinflation Market Determined Exchange Rates Monetary System 1900 2% +1% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : War Exhaustion at least 4
Factory Cost: +10%
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.01
John Ramsay McCulloch Early Classical Theory and Critique Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +1% : Prestige at least 30
+2% : Is Great Power
Allows Furniture Factory
Activate: Furniture
Nassau William Sr Early Classical Theory and Critique Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+1% : Current government is Liberal
Allows Paper Mill
Activate: Paper
James Mill Early Classical Theory and Critique Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Equality
+1% : Current government is Liberal
Allows Luxury Furniture Factory
Activate: Luxury Furniture
John Elliot Cairnes Late Classical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Liberty
+1% : Trade Unions is: All Allowed
Permanent Prestige: +1
Robert Torrens Late Classical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+1% : Current government is Liberal
Permanent Prestige: +1
John Stuart Mill Late Classical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Equality
+1% : Current government is Liberal
Permanent Prestige: +1
Pierre Joseph Proudhon Collectivist Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +3% : National Value is Equality
+2% : Current government is Socialist
Permanent Prestige: +1
Karl Marx Collectivist Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +3% : Current government is Communist
+2% : National Value is Equality
+1% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
Permanent Prestige: +1
Friedrich Engels Collectivist Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Karl Marx
+1% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
Permanent Prestige: +1
Eduard Bernstein Collectivist Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Friedrich Engels
+1% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+2% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
+1% : National Value is Order
Permanent Prestige: +1
Sidney Webb Collectivist Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +1% : Have invented Friedrich Engels
+2% : Minimum Wage is NOT: No Minimum Wage
+2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Karl Kautsky Collectivist Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Friedrich Engels
+1% : National Value is Equality
+2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Jean Jaures Collectivist Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1836 2% +1% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
+2% : Current government is Socialist
Permanent Prestige: +1
Fiedrich List The Historical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1850 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+1% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Wilhelm Roscher The Historical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+1% : National Value is Order
Permanent Prestige: +1
Bruno Hildebrand The Historical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+1% : Religious Policy is Pluralism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Karl Knies The Historical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1850 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+2% : Current government is Conservative
Permanent Prestige: +1
Gustav von Schmoller The Historical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Prestige at least 30
Permanent Prestige: +1
Adolph Wagner The Historical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1850 2% +2% : Average Consciousness at least 2
+2% : National Value is Order
Permanent Prestige: +1
William Cunningham The Historical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1850 2% +2% : is Great Power
+2% : National Value is Liberty
Permanent Prestige: +1
Johann Heinrich von Thünen Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +2% : Current government is Conservative
+1% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Léon Walras Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
+1% : National Value is Equality
Permanent Prestige: +1
Stanley Jevons Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+1% : National Value is Order
Permanent Prestige: +1
Carl Menger Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +3% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : National Value is Liberty
Permanent Prestige: +1
Thorstein Veblen Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +3% : Average Consciousness is at least 4
+2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Alfred Marshall Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +3% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : National Value is Liberty
Permanent Prestige: +1
Augustin Cournot Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +3% : Average Consciousness is at least 3
+2% : National Value is Equality
Permanent Prestige: +1
Jules Dupuit Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+3% : Average Consciousness is at least 3
Permanent Prestige: +1
Vilfredo Pareto Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+1% : Current government is Liberal
Permanent Prestige: +1
Knut Wicksell Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+3% : National Value is Liberty
Permanent Prestige: +1
Irving Fischer Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +3% : Trade Policy is Protectionism
+2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Joseph Schumpeter Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
Permanent Prestige: +1
Eugen von Böhm Bawerk Neoclassical Theory Economic Thought and Critique 1870 2% +3% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
Permanent Prestige: +1
John Maynard Keynes Keynesian Economics Economic Thought and Critique 1900 2% +2% : Literacy below 70%
+2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Richard Kahn Keynesian Economics Economic Thought and Critique 1900 3% +3% : Have invented John Maynard Keynes
+2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
Permanent Prestige: +1
Ludwig von Mises Keynesian Economics Economic Thought and Critique 1900 0% +10% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+3% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
+1% : Prestige at least 10
Permanent Prestige: +1
Friedrich Hayek Keynesian Economics Economic Thought and Critique 1900 2% +2% : Socialist is enabled
+2% : Current government is Socialist
Permanent Prestige: +1
Polypoly Structure(!) Market Structure Market Functionality 1836 2% +2% : Current government is Liberal
+2% : National Value is Liberty
Factory input efficiency tech: -2%
Oligopoly Structure(!) Market Structure Market Functionality 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+2% : Current government is Conservative
Factory output efficiency tech: +2%
Monopoly Structure(!) Market Structure Market Functionality 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Equality
+2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Factory throughput tech: +5%
Limited Partnership Company Business Regulations Market Functionality 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Is Great Power
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Joint-Stock Company Business Regulations Market Functionality 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Limited Partnership Company
+2% : Current government is Liberal
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Patent Business Regulations Market Functionality 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+2% : Is Great Power
+2% : Current government is Liberal
Factory Cost: -3%
Trademark Business Regulations Market Functionality 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Is Great Power
+2% : Prestige at least 10
Factory Cost: -2%
Anti-Trust Laws Market Regulations Market Functionality 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+2% : Current government is Socialist
+2% : National Value is Equality
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Financial Regulations Market Regulations Market Functionality 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Trade Policy is Protectionism
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Banking Regulations Market Regulations Market Functionality 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Current government is Socialist
Tax Efficiency: +1%
Working Board of Directors Economic Responsibility Market Functionality 1870 2% +2% : Current government is Liberal
+2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
Factory Cost: -1%
Bankruptcy Proceedings Economic Responsibility Market Functionality 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Current government is Liberal
Factory Cost: -1%
Annual Report Proceedings Economic Responsibility Market Functionality 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Current government is Conservative
Factory Cost: -1%
Priming the Pump Government Interventionism Market Functionality 1900 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Current government is Socialist
Loan Interest: -0.5%%
Mixed Economy Government Interventionism Market Functionality 1900 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Current government is Liberal
Loan Interest: -0.5%%
Centralized Economic Planning Government Interventionism Market Functionality 1900 2% +2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+3% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
Factory Cost: -1%
Autarky Government Interventionism Market Functionality 1900 2% +3% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
+2% : Current government is Socialist
Loan Interest: -0.5%%
Import Substitution Industrialization Government Interventionism Market Functionality 1900 0% +4% : Economic Policy is Planned Economy
+3% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+1% : Trade Policy is Protectionism
Allows Synthetic Oil Factory
Activate: Oil
Work Classification Organized Factories Organization 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Current government is Liberal
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Work Specialization Organized Factories Organization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Work Classification
+2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Work Control and Hierarchy Organized Factories Organization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Work Specialization
+2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Sequence Planning Scientific Management Organization 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Current government is Conservative
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Inventory Planning Scientific Management Organization 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Quality Assurance Procedure Scientific Management Organization 1836 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Average Consciousness at least 4
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Time Studies Time-Saving Measures Organization 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
+2% : Current government is Socialist
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Time Clock Time-Saving Measures Organization 1850 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Average Consciousness at least 2
Factory output efficiency tech: +2.5%
Lighting Time-Saving Measures Organization 1850 2% +4% : Have researched Electricity
+2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
Factory output efficiency tech: +2.5%
Old Style Family Business Management Strategy Organization 1870 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Interventionism
+2% : Average Consciousness below 3
Factory input efficiency tech: -1%
Anynomous Investor Business Management Strategy Organization 1870 2% +2% : Average Consciousness at least 3
+2% : Economic Policy is State Capitalism
Factory input efficiency tech: -1%
Marketized Smallholder Business Management Strategy Organization 1870 2% +2% : Trade Policy is Free Trade
+2% : Current government is Liberal
Factory input efficiency tech: -1%
Scientific Management Organizational Development Organization 1900 2% +2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
+2% : Average Consciousness at least 3
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%
Human Resource Development Organizational Development Organization 1900 3% +2% : Average Consciousness at least 3
+2% : Trade Unions is: All Allowed
Factory output efficiency tech: +1%

Culture Inventions

Invention name Technology name Technology subcategory Activation year Base chance Chance modifiers Effects
Romanticist Literature Romanticism Aesthetics 1836 2% +3% : Average Consciousness at least 3
+2% : National Value is Order
-2% : Have invented Romanticist Art or Romanticist Music
Shared Prestige: +5
Romanticist Art Romanticism Aesthetics 1836 2% +3% : Average Consciousness at least 3
+2% : Prestige at least 30
-2% : Have invented Romanticist Literature or Romanticist Music
Shared Prestige: +5
Romanticist Music Romanticism Aesthetics 1836 2% +3% : Is NOT a Great Power
+2% : Plurality at least 5
-2% : Have invented Romanticist Art or Romanticist Literature
Shared Prestige: +5
Realist Literature Realism Aesthetics 1836 2% +3% : Is NOT a Great Power
+2% : National Value is Equality
-2% : Have invented Realist Art or Realist Music
Shared Prestige: +10
Realist Art Realism Aesthetics 1836 2% +2% : Average Consciousness at least 3
+3% : Plurality at least 5
-2% : Have invented Realist Literature or Realist Music
Shared Prestige: +10
Realist Music Realism Aesthetics 1836 2% -2% : Have invented Realist Art or Realist Literature
+2% : Have researched Idealism
Shared Prestige: +10
Impressionist Literature Impressionism Aesthetics 1850 2% -2% : Have invented Impressionist Art or Impressionist Music
+2% : Have researched Positivism
Shared Prestige: +15
Impressionist Art Impressionism Aesthetics 1850 2% -2% : Have invented Impressionist Literature or Impressionist Music
+2% : Have researched Ideological Thought
Shared Prestige: +15
Impressionist Music Impressionism Aesthetics 1850 2% -2% : Have invented Impressionist Art or Impressionist Literature
+2% : Have researched Empiricism
Shared Prestige: +15
Expressionist Literature Expressionism Aesthetics 1870 2% -2% : Have invented Expressionist Art or Expressionist Music
+2% : Have researched Experimental Psychology
Shared Prestige: +20
Expressionist Art Expressionism Aesthetics 1870 2% -2% : Have invented Expressionist Literature or Expressionist Music
+2% : Have researched Nationalism & Imperialism
Shared Prestige: +20
Expressionist Music Expressionism Aesthetics 1870 2% -2% : Have invented Expressionist Art or Expressionist Literature
+2% : Have researched Phenomenology & Hermeneutic
Shared Prestige: +20
Avantgarde Literature Mass Culture & The Avant-Garde Aesthetics 1900 2% -2% : Have invented Avant-Garde Art or Avant-Garde Music
+2% : Have researched Anti-Rationalism
Shared Prestige: +25
Avantgarde Art Mass Culture & The Avant-Garde Aesthetics 1900 2% -2% : Have invented Avant-Garde Literature or Avant-Garde Music
+2% : Have researched Social Alienation
Shared Prestige: +25
Avantgarde Music Mass Culture & The Avant-Garde Aesthetics 1900 2% -2% : Have invented Avant-Garde Art or Avant-Garde Literature
+2% : Have invented Jazz
Shared Prestige: +25
Surrealism Mass Culture & The Avant-Garde Aesthetics 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Anti-Rationalism
+2% : Have invented Dogma of Violence
Shared Prestige: +25
Modern Design Mass Culture & The Avant-Garde Aesthetics 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Social Science
+2% : Have invented Sociology
Shared Prestige: +25
Jazz Mass Culture & The Avant-Garde Aesthetics 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Great War Experience
+2% : Have invented Biased Multiculturalism
Shared Prestige: +25
Socialist Realism Mass Culture & The Avant-Garde Aesthetics 1900 2% +2% : Have Proletarian Dictatorship
+2% : Current Government is Socialist
+2% : Have invented Dogma of Mass Action
Shared Prestige: +25
Neokantian Idealism Idealism Philosophy 1840 2% +2% : Have researched Ideological Thought
+2% : Have researched Functionalism
Shared Prestige: +5
Hegelian Idealism Idealism Philosophy 1840 2% +2% : Have researched Romanticism
+2% : Have researched Phenomenalism
Shared Prestige: +5
Proto Existentialism Idealism Philosophy 1840 2% +2% : Have invented Romanticist Literature
+2% : Have researched Functionalism
Shared Prestige: +5
Pragmatism Empiricism Philosophy 1860 2% +2% : Have researched Realism
+2% : Have researched Positivism
Shared Prestige: +10
Empiricism Empiricism Philosophy 1860 2% +2% : Have researched Phenomenalism
+2% : Have researched Scientific Management
Shared Prestige: +10
Analytic Philosophy Analytic Philosophy Philosophy 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Impressionism
+2% : Have researched Biologism
+1% : Plurality at least 5
Shared Prestige: +15
Modern Logics Analytic Philosophy Philosophy 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Functionalism
+2% : Have researched State & Government
Shared Prestige: +15
Logical Positivism Analytic Philosophy Philosophy 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Impressionism
+2% : Have researched Biologism
Shared Prestige: +15
Philosophy of Language Analytic Philosophy Philosophy 1870 2% +2% : Is not a colonial nation
+2% : Have researched Nationalism & Imperialism
Shared Prestige: +15
Phenomenology Phenomenology & Hermeneutic Philosophy 1880 2% +2% : Have invented Expressionist Literature
+2% : Have researched Social Science
Shared Prestige: +20
Hermeneutics Phenomenology & Hermeneutic Philosophy 1880 2% +2% : Have researched Social Science
+2% : Have invented Darwinism
Shared Prestige: +20
Existentialism Anti Rationalism Philosophy 1900 2% +2% : Have invented Expressionist Literature
+2% : Have invented Dogma of Violence
Shared Prestige: +25
Nihilism and the Will Anti Rationalism Philosophy 1900 2% +2% : Have invented National Fraternity
+2% : Have invented Social Anthropology
Shared Prestige: +25
Futurism Anti Rationalism Philosophy 1900 2% +2% : Have invented Stainless Steel
+2% : Have researched Synthetic Polymers
Shared Prestige: +25
Quantum Theory Anti Rationalism Philosophy 1900 2% +2% : Average Consciousness at least 5
+2% : Have invented Phenomenology
Shared Prestige: +25
Darwinism Biologism Social Thought 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Impressionism
+2% : Have invented genetics:_heredity
+1% : Have invented Philosophy of Language
Education Eff.: +50%
Social Darwinism Biologism Social Thought 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Darwinism
+2% : Have invented National Fraternity
War Exhaustion: -5%
Sociology Social Science Social Thought 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Analytic Philosophy
+2% : Have researched Scientific Management
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.01
Social Psychology Social Science Social Thought 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Experimental Psychology
+2% : Have researched Behaviorism
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.01
Political Science Social Science Social Thought 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Revolution & Counter-Revolution
+1% : Have researched Military Directionism
+1% : Have researched Naval Directionism
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.01
Social Anthropology Social Science Social Thought 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Darwinism
+2% : Have researched Assembly Line
Colonial Prestige: +10%
The Revolt of The Masses Social Alienation Social Thought 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Revolution & Counter-Revolution
+2% : Have researched Great War Experience
Plurality: +10%
War Exhaustion: -25%
The Decline of The West and The Lost Generation Social Alienation Social Thought 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Great War Experience
+2% : Have invented Mission to Civilize
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.05
Paternalism The Rights of Man Political Thought 1836 1% +2% : Average Consciousness below 3
+2% : Vote Franchise is Only Landed
Organisation Regain Rate: +5%
Constitutionalism The Rights of Man Political Thought 1836 3% +2% : Have HM's Government
+1% : Political Parties is NOT Only Underground
Plurality: +5%
Suppression Efficiency: -5%
Atheism The Rights of Man Political Thought 1836 2% +1% : Currently Avantgarde Intelligentsia
+1% : Current Government is Socialist
+2% : At least 20% think Atheism is important
Plurality: +5%
Egalitarianism The Rights of Man Political Thought 1836 2% +3% : National value is Equality
+2% : Have Democracy
+1% : Current government is NOT Reactionary nor Conservative
Plurality: +5%
Rationalism The Rights of Man Political Thought 1836 3% +2% : Literacy above 50%
+2% : Average Consciousness at least 1
Plurality: +5%
Authoritarianism Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 0% +5% : Current Government is Reactionary OR Have Absolute Monarchy and Current Government is Conservative Consciousness in Non-Colonial -0.02
Hierarchical Order Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 1% +3% : Have Absolute Monarchy
+2% : Have Prussian Constitutionalism
Militancy in Non-Colonial -0.01
Consciousness in Non-Colonial +0.01
Traditionalism Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 0% +3% : Current Government is Reactionary
+2% : Current Government is Conservative
+2% : Have Absolute Monarchy
+1% : Have Prussian Constitutionalism
Consciousness in Non-Colonial -0.01
Political Religion Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 3% +2% : Religious Policy is Moralism
-2% : Religious Policy is Secularized
-3% : Religious Policy is Atheism
Political Reform Desire +10%
Individualism Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 2% +3% : National Value is Liberty
+1% : Average Consciousness at least 2
Plurality: +5%
Suppression Efficiency: -5%
Secularization Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 1% +3% : National Value is Equality
+1% : Current Government is Socialist OR Current Government is Liberal
Plurality: +5%
Social Conscience Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 2% +3% : National Value is Equality
+3% : Average Consciousness at least 2
Plurality: +5%
Suppression Efficiency: -5%
Collectivism Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Equality
+1% : Current Government is Socialist
Plurality: +5%
Determinism Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 2% +1% : Current Government is Socialist
+1% : Socialist is at least 0.2%
+1% : Currently Avantgarde Intelligentsia
Plurality: +5%
Social Justice Ideological Thought Political Thought 1836 2% +2% : National Value is Equality
+1% : Current Government is Liberal OR Current Government is Socialist
Plurality: +5%
Populism vs. Establishment State & Government Political Thought 1840 2% +2% : Average consciousness at least 3
+1% : National Value is Order
Political Reform Desire +5%
Clericalism vs. Anticlericalism State & Government Political Thought 1840 2% +2% : Less than 10% think Moralism is important
+1% : Average Militancy at least 3
Plurality: +5%
Bureaucracy vs. Nepotism State & Government Political Thought 1840 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+1% : Average consciousness at least 2
Social Reform Desire +5%
Meritocracy vs. Aristocracy State & Government Political Thought 1840 2% +1% : Literacy above 40%
+2% : National Value is Liberty
Plurality: +5%
Mission to Civilize State & Government Political Thought 1840 0% +25% : Have researched Nationalism & Imperialism
+25% : Have researched Market Regulations
+25% : Have Researched Naval Statistics
+10% : Any Great Power has invented Mission to Civilize
+10% : Any neighboring country has invented Mission to Civilize
Min. Liferating -10%
Colonial Prestige +10%
Diplomatic points +20%
National Fraternity Nationalism & Imperialism Political Thought 1850 2% +3% : is Great Power
+2% : Prestige at least 50
War Exhaustion: -5%
Plurality: +5%
Biased Multiculturalism Nationalism & Imperialism Political Thought 1850 2% +1% : Current government is Reactionary
+2% : Current government is Conservative
+1% : National Value is Order
Colonial Migration: +5%
Manifest Destiny Nationalism & Imperialism Political Thought 1850 2% +3% : National Value is Liberty
-1% : National Value is Order
+2% : Current government is Liberal
War Exhaustion: -5%
Moral: +10%
Expansionism Nationalism & Imperialism Political Thought 1850 2% +2% : is Great Power
+2% : Has 'badboy' at least 125
War Exhaustion: -5%
Plurality: -5%
Separatism Nationalism & Imperialism Political Thought 1850 2% +2% : Average Militancy at least 3
+2% : Average consciousness at least 2
Separatism: +50%
Nationalist Rebel organization gain: +33%
Dogma of Violence Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 2% +3% : Average consciousness at least 3
+2% : National Value is Order
Allow Anarchic Bomb Throwers
Dogma of Mass Action Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 2% +2% : National Value is Equality
+3% : Current government is Socialist
Communist Rebel organization gain: +25%
Terrorism Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 2% +2% : Current government is Socialist
+3% : Current government is Fascist OR Communist
-1% : National Value is Liberty
Allow Terrorist Cells
Secret Police Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 2% +3% : Current government is Fascist OR Communist
+2% : National Value is Order
All Rebel organization gain: -25%
Suppression efficiency: +25%
Womens Sufferage Movement Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 3% +2% : National Value is Liberty OR Equality
+3% : Current government is Liberal
Mobilisation Impact: -20%
Rhetoric of Hate Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 3% +1% : The year is after 1900
+2% : Current government is Fascist OR Communist
-1% : National Value is Liberty
War Exhaustion: -5%
Military Hospitals: +1%
Nostalgic Romanticism Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 2% +2% : Average consciousness at least 2
+1% : is Great power
War Exhaustion: -5%
Reactionary Rebel organization gain: +50%
Anti-Egalitarianism Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 2% +2% : National Value is Order
+3% : Current government is Reactionary
War Exhaustion: -5%
Allow Citizen Guard
Vanguard Party Revolution & Counterrevolution Political Thought 1870 2% +1% : Current government is Socialist
+2% : Current government is Communist
Communist Rebel organization gain: +75%
The Doctrine of Fascism Mass Politics Political Thought 1900 2% +2% : Current government is Fascist
+1% : National Value is Order
+3% : Average Militancy at least 4
Fascist Rebel organization gain: +75%
Paramilitary Groups Mass Politics Political Thought 1900 3% +2% : War Exhaustion at least 3
+2% : Average Militancy at least 3
Fascist Rebel organization gain: +25%
The Police State Mass Politics Political Thought 1900 2% +3% : Current government is Fascist OR Communist
+2% : National Value is Order
All Rebel organization gain: -25%
Suppression efficiency: +25%
Mass Advertising Behaviorism Psychology 1900 2% +7% : National Value is Liberty
+2% : Have Democracy
+1% : Have HM's Government
Education Eff.: +25%
Suppression efficiency: -5%
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.01
National Radio Network Behaviorism Psychology 1900 3% +5% : The year is after 1920
+2% : Have Democracy
-1% : Press Rights is NOT Free Press
Allows discovery of National Radio Network
Allows Radio Factory
Activate: Radio
Suppression efficiency: -5%
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.01
The Talkies Behaviorism Psychology 1900 2% +2% : National Value is Liberty
+2% : Average consciousness at least 3
Shared Prestige: 20
Suppression efficiency: -5%
Consciousness in Non-Colonial: +0.01

Industrial Inventions

Invention name Technology name Technology subcategory Activation year Base chance Chance modifiers Effects
Tull's Seed Drill Water-Wheel Power Power 1836 6% - Grain production output: +10%
Fruit production output: +10%
Rotherham Plough Practical Steam Engine Power 1836 6% - Grain production output: +20%
Daimler's Automobile Combustion Engine Power 1880 2% +2% : Have researched Electricity
+2% : Average consciousness at least 3
-6% : Have NOT invented Edison Light bulb
Allows Automobile Factory
Activate Automobile
Machine Parts Production output: +1%
Wright & Langley's Aeroplanes Combustion Engine Power 1880 2% +2% : Have researched Electricity
+2% : Average consciousness at least 4
-6% : Have NOT invented Edison Light bulb
Allows Aeroplane Factory
Activate Aeroplanes
Machine Parts Production output: +1%
Tractors Combustion Engine Power 1880 3% +2% : Average consciousness at least 2
+2% : Economic Policy is Laissez Faire
Farming output: +50%
Direct Current Electrical Power Generation Power 1900 2% +2% : Have invented Edison Light Bulb
+2% : Current government is Liberal
RGO output efficiency tech: +5%
Factory throughput tech: +5%
Mining Output : +50%
Alternating Current Electrical Power Generation Power 1900 3% +2% : Have invented Edison Light Bulb
+3% : Have invented Direct Current
RGO output efficiency tech: +5%
Factory throughput tech: +2%
Polyphase System Electrical Power Generation Power 1900 2% +2% : Have invented Edison Light Bulb
+2% : Average consciousness at least 3
RGO output efficiency tech: +5%
Factory throughput tech: +2%
Vacuum Tube Electrical Power Generation Power 1900 1% +5% : Have invented Direct Current
+5% : Have invented Alternating Current
Radio Production output: +3%
Telephones Production output: +3%
Electric Gear Production output: +3%
Sharp & Robert's Power Loom Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Work Classification
+2% : Have researched Stock Exchange
Cotton Production output: +20%
Wool Production output: +20%
Jacquard Power Loom Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Sharp & Robert's Power Loom
+2% : Have invented Insurance Companies
Wool Production output: +20%
Silk Production output: +20%
Fabric Production output: +5%
Northrop Power Loom Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Jacquard Power Loom
+2% : Have invented Insurance Companies
Cotton Production output: +20%
Wool Production output: +20%
Silk Production output: +20%
Fabric Production output: +5%
Mechanical Saw Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Clean Coal
+2% : Have researched Organized Factories
Timber Production output: +10%
Tropical Wood Production output: +10%
Mechanical Precision Saw Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Mechanical Saw
+2% : Have researched Practical Steam Engine
Timber Production output: +10%
Hussey & McCormicks Reaping machine Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Early Railroad
+2% : Have invented Work Specialization
Grain Production output: +20%
Fruit Production output: +20%
Tea Production output: +20%
Pitts Threshing machine Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Hussey & McCormicks Reaping machine
+2% : Have researched Practical Steam Engine
Grain Production output: +20%
Fruit Production output: +20%
Tea Production output: +20%
Mechanized Slaughtering-block Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Medicine
+2% : Have researched Clean Coal
Cattle Production output: +20%
Wool Production output: +20%
Pitts Threshing machine Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Hussey & McCormicks Reaping machine
+2% : Have researched Practical Steam Engine
Grain Production output: +20%
Fruit Production output: +20%
Tea Production output: +20%
Precision Work Mechanical Production Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Mechanical Precision Saw
+2% : Have researched Early Railroad
Allows Machine Parts Factory
Activate: Machine Parts
Glass Production output: +10%
Ammunition Production output: +10%
Machine Tools Interchangeable Parts Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Precision Work
+2% : Have researched Early Railroad+1%
Machine Parts Production output: +2%
Factory throughput tech: +5%
Mining Output : +50%
Whitney & Colt's Standardized Small Arms Interchangeable Parts Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Breech Loaded Rifles
+2% : Have invented Manifest Destiny
Small Arms Production output: +20%
Food Packing System Interchangeable Parts Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Distribution Channels
+2% : Have invented Limited Partnership Company
Canned Food Production output: +20%
Integral Distillery Process Interchangeable Parts Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Scientific Management
+2% : Have researched Market Structure
Liquor Production output: +20%
Jiggs Interchangeable Parts Mechanization 1836 2% +2% : Have researched High & Low Pressure Steam Engines
+2% : Have invented Sequence Planning
Furniture Production output: +20%
Luxury Furniture Production output: +20%
Electric Machinery Semi-Automatization Mechanization 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Electricity
+2% : Have invented Machine Tools
Factory Cost: +5%
Timber Production output: +10%
Oil Pumping Machine Semi-Automatization Mechanization 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Iron Railroad
+2% : Have researched Cheap Steel
Oil Production output: +10%
Drying Techniques Semi-Automatization Mechanization 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Distribution Channels
+2% : Have invented Industrial R&D Investments
Tea Production output: +20%
Coffee Production output: +20%
Opium Production output: +20%
Fordism Assembly Line Mechanization 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Daimler's Automobile
+2% : Have invented Distribution Channels
Automobiles Production output: +3%
Aeroplanes Production output: +3%
Industrialized Armament Industry Assembly Line Mechanization 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Precision Work
+2% : Have invented Whitney & Colt's Standardized Small Arms
Small Arms Production output: +3%
Ammunition Production output: +3%
Artillery Production output: +3%
Explosives Production output: +3%
Refrigerator Technology Assembly Line Mechanization 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Food Packing System
+2% : Have researched Integral Rail System
Cattle Production output: +20%
Fruit Production output: +20%
Fish Production output: +20%
Liquor Production output: +20%
Wine Production output: +20%
Ammunition Production Mechanized Mining Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Whitney & Colt's Standardized Small Arms
+2% : Have researched Army Professionalism
Allow Ammunition Factory
Activate: Ammunition
Small Arms Production Mechanized Mining Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Strategic Mobility
+2% : Have researched Early Railroad
Allow Small Arms Factory
Activate: Small Arms
Explosives Production Mechanized Mining Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Medicine
+2% : Have invented Nitroglycerin
Allow Explosives Factory
Activate: Explosives
Artillery Production Mechanized Mining Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Explosives Production
+2% : Have researched Iron Muzzle-loaded Artillery
Allow Artillery Factory
Activate: Artillery
Pit Coal Clean Coal Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Practical Steam Engine
+2% : Have researched Early Railroad
Coal Production output: +50%
Coke Clean Coal Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Pit Coal
+2% : Have researched Early Railroad
Coal Production output: +50%
Advanced Ore Roasting Processes Cheap Iron Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Interchangeable Parts
+2% : Have researched Inorganic Chemistry
Iron Production output: +40%
Advanced Ore Grinding Processes Cheap Iron Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Advanced Ore Roasting Processes
+2% : Have researched Organized Factories
Iron Production output: +25%
Advanced Ore Smelting Processes Cheap Iron Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have invented Advanced Ore Grinding Processes
+2% : Have researched Iron Railroad
Iron Production output: +25%
Bessemer Steel Cheap Iron Metallurgy 1836 2% +2% : Have researched High & Low Pressure Steam Engines
+2% : Have researched Steel Breech-loaded Artillery
Steel Production output: +5%
Martin Steel Cheap Steel Metallurgy 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Bessemer Steel
+2% : Have researched Steel Railroad
Steel Production output: +2%
Thomas Steel Cheap Steel Metallurgy 1850 2% +2% : Have invented Martin Steel
+2% : Have researched Advanced Metallurgy
Steel Production output: +2%
Electric Rolling Techniques Advanced Metallurgy Metallurgy 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Electricity
+2% : Have invented Thomas Steel
Steel Production output: +4%
Steel Alloys Advanced Metallurgy Metallurgy 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Thomas Steel
+2% : Have researched Inorganic Chemistry
Precious Metal Production output: +5%
Stainless Steel Electric Furnace Metallurgy 1900 2% +2% : Have researched Electrical Power Generation
+2% : Have researched Assembly Line
Steel Production output: +5%
Combat Medicine Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Army Professionalism
+2% : Have researched Military Statistics
Army Attrition: -5%
Military Hospitals: +1%
Aerial Bacteria and Antiseptic Principle Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Is not a colonial nation
+2% : Have researched Empiricism
Pop Growth: +0.02%
Army Attrition: -5%
Military Hospitals: +1%
Vaccination Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Empiricism
+2% : Have researched Stock Exchange
Army Attrition: -5%
Military Hospitals: +1%
Chemotherapy Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Empiricism
+2% : Have researched Market Structure
Army Attrition: -5%
Genetics: Heredity Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Inorganic Chemistry
+2% : Is not a colonial nation
Pop Growth: +0.02%
Clinical Thermometers and Binaural Stethoscopes Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Inorganic Chemistry
+2% : Have researched Organized Factories
Pop Growth: +0.02%
Prophylaxis Against Malaria Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Inorganic Chemistry
+2% : Is not a colonial nation
Army Attrition: -5%
Military Hospitals: +1%
Min. Liferating: -5%
Pressure Chambers For Thorax Surgery Medicine Chemistry and Electricity 1836 2% +2% : Have researched Assembly Line
+2% : Have researched Cheap Iron
Shared Prestige: +10
Artificial Fertilizers Inorganic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Interchangeable Parts
+2% : Have invented Hussey & McCormicks Reaping machine
Farming output: +2%
Fertilizer Production output: +5%
Nitroglycerin Inorganic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Military Statistics
+2% : Have researched Scientific Management
Explosives Production output: +2%
Mining Output : +50%
Chemical Wood Pulp Process Inorganic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Semi Automatization
+2% : Have invented Industrial R&D Investments
Paper Production output: +2%
Rubber Vulcanization Inorganic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Combustion Engine
+2% : Have researched Business Banks
Rubber Production output: +100%
Catalytic Fermentative Process Inorganic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1850 2% +2% : Have researched Business Banks
+2% : Have researched Scientific Management
Wine Production output: +2%
Synthetic Dye Organic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1870 2% +2% : Have researched Clean Coal
+2% : Have researched Management Strategy
Allows Dye Factory
Activate: Dye
Gaslights Organic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Patent
+2% : Have researched Investment Banks
Factory throughput tech: +5%
Carbon Soil Enrichment Organic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Artificial Fertilizers
+2% : Have invented Capital For Investors
Farming output: +5%
Cracking Organic Chemistry Chemistry and Electricity 1870 2% +2% : Have invented Oil Pumping Machinery
+2% : Have researched Management Strategy
Allows Fuel Refinery
Activate: Fuel
X-Rays Electricity Chemistry and Electricity 1880 2% +2% : Average Consciousness at least 2
+2% : Have researched Advanced Metallurgy
Pop Growth:: +0.02%
Army Attrition: -2%
Edison Light Bulb Electricity Chemistry and Electricity 1880 2% +2% : Have invented Direct Current
+2% : Have researched Electrical Power Generation
Allows Electric Gear Factory
Activate: Electric Gear
Bell & Greys Telephones Electricity Chemistry and Electricity 1880 2% +2% : Have researched Electrical Power Generation
+2% : Have invented Telegraph Coordination
-6% : Have NOT invented Edison Light Bulb
Allows Telephone Factory
Activate: Telephones
Electrical Lighting Electricity Chemistry and Electricity 1880 2% +2% : Have invented Edison Light Bulb
+2% : Have invented Gaslights
+2% : Have researched Electrical Power Generation
Factory throughput tech: +5%
Rayon Synthetic Polymers Chemistry and Electricity 1919 2% +2% : Have researched Organizational Development
+2% : Have researched Mutual Funds
Fabric production output: +5%
Bakelite Synthetic Polymers Chemistry and Electricity 1919 2% +2% : Have invented Bell & Greys Telephones
+2% : Have researched Time Saving Measures
Glass production output: +5%