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Government type Absolute monarchy
Ruling party N/A
Capital Warsaw
Population 4.18 Million (All cores)

1.83 Million (Russia)
1.15 Million (Austria)
1.18 Million (Prussia)

Primary culture Polish
Accepted cultures
Religion Catholic.pngCatholic
Literacy 22.9% (All cores)

10% (Russia)
10.4% (Austria)
51.3% (Prussia)

National value Order
Tech school Traditional academia
Status Civilized nation
Poland was split among Austria, Prussia and Russia in 1771.

Poland is a fairly large, formable nation in Eastern Europe. It has Polish as its primary culture and no other accepted cultures.

The Polish land was split among Prussia Prussia, Russia Russia, and Austria Austria in 1772. It is still split among them, and has cores in all three of these nations, along with Krakow Krakow. At the start of the game, Krakow is the only (independent) nation that has the option to unify Poland. It is also possible to release Poland from any of the afformentioned nations.

Forming Poland

Krakow can only form Poland if it is both a Great Power and has control over all Polish cores. It is a very hard task to become a great power and even more so to free the remaining land. It is much more likely to see Poland either come about via a crisis or from another nation's Casus Beli.

Releasing Poland

Poland can be released by either Austria, Prussia and Russia. As with all released nations, Poland will get all cores owned by the releasing nation (with the added bonus that the releasing nation losing their cores on Poland) as well as their invented technologies. Therefore, each possibility has pros and cons to consider. When released by Russia, Poland will have more land and a larger population, but worse tech and literacy. When released by Prussia, Poland will have better tech, and literacy but less land and a smaller population. Austria, with the lowest population and barely any more literacy than Russia, is probably the worst choice for Poland unless one plans to go on to form Poland-Lithuania (as they have territory on Prussia and Russia that Poland does not have, but nothing more on Austria).

If playing as a released Poland which has managed to become a Great Power, it is worth trying to remove Kraków from Austria's (or, by the time Poland is strong enough, possibly Russia's or Prussia's) sphere of influence. When that happens, Poland can declare war on Kraków to conquer it. Austria can just remove Krakow from its sphere and attack it if releasing and playing as Poland is planned.

It is also worth considering that Prussian Polish land is needed for Prussia to form Germany Germany and/or the North German Federation North German Federation, and Prussia knows this. This can cause them to be quite aggressive.


Poland has a relatively high population which can support a fine industry. Poland has several Coal.pngcoal mines spread across the south which makes Resource glass.pngglass and Resource cement.pngcement obvious industries to invest in. If the choice is made to form Poland by breaking off from Russia, Poland will begin with many Grain.pnggrain-producing provinces, making Resource liquor.pngliquor distilleries a strong possibility in the early game, depending on how well liquor is selling. If breaking off from Russia, Poland won't have access to nearly as much coal, so the early game might be rough.

Unfortunately, Poland has little other industrial opportunity - their only other resources are two Fruit.pngfruit RGOs, six or seven Cattle.pngcattle RGOs, a Fish.pngfish RGO, a Wool.pngwool RGO, and a single Iron.pngiron RGO in Silesia. Poland will also gain two Resource oil.pngoil RGOs in place of coal in the 1880s and 90s, but this is hardly compensation for their otherwise near-complete lack of raw resources, which will somewhat hamper Poland's industrial efficiency.

Poland does not have a great literacy, so promotion from Farmers mini.pngfarmers to Craftsmen mini.pngcraftsmen might take a while - however, especially when considering the problems that bestow more backwater powers in Europe, Poland's literacy with parts of Prussia can be considered workable.

Forming Poland-Lithuania

Poland can form Poland-Lithuania Poland-Lithuania if it succeeds in obtaining or sphering all of its cores. This is not an easy, task and will probably require help from Austria, Prussia/NGF/Germany, or Russia - all of which can be highly situational. Compared to Poland, Poland-Lithuania has extra cores on Ostpreußen, Lietuva, Latvia, Orsha, and Minsk, as well as the final province in Rovne and five of the seven provinces in Kiev. Taking all of these territories cannot be done in any single war unless the stars align or the war is a Great War. An easier route to obtaining all these territories is by freeing Belarus Belarus, Ukraine Ukraine, Lithuania Lithuania and Latvia Latvia (or United Baltic Nations United Baltic Nations from Russia and fighting a separate war with Prussia for East Prussia. (It should be noted that the Liberate Country CB removes the loser's cores on the liberated country, and is thus preferable over a Take State CB. This can potentially help stave off further aggression, depending on how this is used. Lithuania's core on Memel in East Prussia is often overlooked and should not be ignored.)

Only Lithuania will get annexed upon forming Poland-Lithuania! Any other nations with Polish-Lithuanian cores will not transfer any territory. In addition, while while Schlesien is not required to form Poland-Lithuania, cores on it will be gained once Poland-Lithuania is formed, regardless of whether Poland previously owned the state or not.

A graphic of Poland's cores in 1836.