|Government type||Absolute monarchy|
|Population||4.18 Million (All cores)|
1.83 Million (Russia)
|Literacy||22.9% (All cores) |
|Tech school||Traditional academia|
Poland is a fairly large, formable nation in Eastern Europe. It has Polish as its primary culture and no other accepted cultures.
The Polish land was split among Prussia, Russia, and Austria in 1772. It is still split among them, and has cores in all three of these nations, along with Krakow. At the start of the game, Krakow is the only (independent) nation that has the option to unify Poland. It is also possible to release Poland from any of the afformentioned nations.
Krakow can only form Poland if it is both a Great Power and has control over all Polish cores. It is a very hard task to become a great power and even more so to free the remaining land. It is much more likely to see Poland either come about via a crisis or from another nation's Casus Beli.
Poland can be released by either Austria, Prussia and Russia. As with all released nations, Poland will get all cores owned by the releasing nation (with the added bonus that the releasing nation losing their cores on Poland) as well as their invented technologies. Therefore, each possibility has pros and cons to consider. When released by Russia, Poland will have more land and a larger population, but worse tech and literacy. When released by Prussia, Poland will have better tech, and literacy but less land and a smaller population. Austria, with the lowest population and barely any more literacy than Russia, is probably the worst choice for Poland unless one plans to go on to form Poland-Lithuania (as they have territory on Prussia and Russia that Poland does not have, but nothing more on Austria).
If playing as a released Poland which has managed to become a Great Power, it is worth trying to remove Kraków from Austria's (or, by the time Poland is strong enough, possibly Russia's or Prussia's) sphere of influence. When that happens, Poland can declare war on Kraków to conquer it. Austria can just remove Krakow from its sphere and attack it if releasing and playing as Poland is planned.
Poland has a relatively high population which can support a fine industry. Poland has several coal mines spread across the south which makes glass and cement obvious industries to invest in. If the choice is made to form Poland by breaking off from Russia, Poland will begin with many grain-producing provinces, making liquor distilleries a strong possibility in the early game, depending on how well liquor is selling. If breaking off from Russia, Poland won't have access to nearly as much coal, so the early game might be rough.
Unfortunately, Poland has little other industrial opportunity - their only other resources are two fruit RGOs, six or seven cattle RGOs, a fish RGO, a wool RGO, and a single iron RGO in Silesia. Poland will also gain two oil RGOs in place of coal in the 1880s and 90s, but this is hardly compensation for their otherwise near-complete lack of raw resources, which will somewhat hamper Poland's industrial efficiency.
Poland does not have a great literacy, so promotion from farmers to craftsmen might take a while - however, especially when considering the problems that bestow more backwater powers in Europe, Poland's literacy with parts of Prussia can be considered workable.
Poland can form Poland-Lithuania if it succeeds in obtaining or sphering all of its cores. This is not an easy, task and will probably require help from Austria, Prussia/NGF/Germany, or Russia - all of which can be highly situational. Compared to Poland, Poland-Lithuania has extra cores on Ostpreußen, Lietuva, Latvia, Orsha, and Minsk, as well as the final province in Rovne and five of the seven provinces in Kiev. Taking all of these territories cannot be done in any single war unless the stars align or the war is a Great War. An easier route to obtaining all these territories is by freeing Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania and Latvia (or United Baltic Nations from Russia and fighting a separate war with Prussia for East Prussia. (It should be noted that the Liberate Country CB removes the loser's cores on the liberated country, and is thus preferable over a Take State CB. This can potentially help stave off further aggression, depending on how this is used. Lithuania's core on Memel in East Prussia is often overlooked and should not be ignored.)
Only Lithuania will get annexed upon forming Poland-Lithuania! Any other nations with Polish-Lithuanian cores will not transfer any territory. In addition, while while Schlesien is not required to form Poland-Lithuania, cores on it will be gained once Poland-Lithuania is formed, regardless of whether Poland previously owned the state or not.